The author is working on the first biography of Kenneth and Mamie Clark, the psychologists who created the famous dolls test. This and their work with NAACP lawyers contributed to the landmark 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision.
With a doctorate in English, Tim Spofford worked for years in classrooms and newsrooms. His articles have appeared in the New York Times, Newsday, Mother Jones, Columbia Journalism Review and other publications. His first book, Lynch Street, was designated an Outstanding Book by the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Bigotry and Human Rights. Spofford lives with his wife, Barbara, in St. Petersburg, Florida, and Lee, Massachusetts.
Amid a wave of antiwar protests in May 1970, National Guardsmen shot and killed four white students at Kent State University in Ohio. One night ten days later, dozens of Mississippi lawmen lined up in front of a women’s dormitory at a black college and opened fire, riddling the dorm and leaving two students dead.